|UKRAINE: ODESSA REGION
Odessa region is located in the basin of 3 major rivers in Ukraine: Danube, Dniester, Southern Bug in the southwest of Ukraine and occupies 33.3 thousand square kilometers (5.5% of Ukraine). The population is approximately 2.5 million people.
Region is located in the forest-steppe and steppe zone. There are about 1140 rivers.Land area – chernozem (humus) with high natural fertility.
The region belongs to the intensive agriculture area. There are over 2.5 million hectares of agricultural lands in the area, including more than 2 million hectares of arable lands, more than 80 thousand hectares of vineyards and orchards. Agricultural specialization of the area - grain, grapes, sunflower and other oilseeds, vegetables and fruits.
The climate of the region, especially in southern areas, is dry.
The unique natural systems, wetlands, ecosystems in the basin of the large rivers (Danube, Dniester, Southern Bug), at sea shores and in the shelf zone form the high biosphere potential of the region, which has a national and international importance.
Issues and challenges
Odessa region is located in the zone of risky agriculture due to droughts. Therefore, a stable agriculture is largely dependent on the reclamation.
The lack of rain harvesting machines, their dilapidation, disorganisation of intraeconomic watering networks leads to the result that only 70000 ha are irrigated instead of 220,000 hectares possible.
The need for the introduction of new effective and power-intensive irrigation systems.
There is no governmental strategy as a tool for implementation of existing legislative acts in the water resources management. There is no comprehensive system for nitrate pollution monitoring. Water management is carried out by 9 different governmental agencies without a coordinated interaction between them.
There is no common databases of the water resources, soils and sources of pollution in the region.
Creation of the common database and GIS map of the water resources, soils and sources of pollution.
Determination of the absent water resources indicators.
Research of the connection between the nitrate pollution of the water and the health of the inhabitants of the region.
Popularization of the modern European agricultural tools among the local authorities and farmers to minimize the soil and water pollution and to optimize the water resources management.
1. Database of the water resources, soils and sources of pollution.
2. GIS Map of the water resources, soils and sources of pollution.
3. Expert system of water recourses management.
4. Promotion of European directives and standards among the authorities and farmers.